PT - JOURNAL ARTICLE
AU - Lu, Jun
AU - Yang, Zhen
AU - Wang, Yun
AU - Shi, Ying
TI - Joint PP and PS AVA seismic inversion using exact Zoeppritz equations
DP - 2015 Aug 26
TA - Geophysics
PG - R239--R250
VI - 80
IP - 5
4099 - http://geophysics.geoscienceworld.org/content/80/5/R239.short
4100 - http://geophysics.geoscienceworld.org/content/80/5/R239.full
SO - Geophysics2015 Aug 26; 80
AB - The Zoeppritz equations describe the relationship between seismic properties that are useful for the interpretation of lithology and fluid properties. Various approximations to the Zoeppritz equations are often used in linear amplitude variation with offset and amplitude variation with angle inversions, assuming low-contrast boundaries. These approximations restrict the inversion method to not-too-large-angle cases and reduce the inversion accuracy. Therefore, it is necessary to develop joint PP and PS prestack inversion methods using the exact Zoeppritz equations. We have developed a method for nonlinear joint prestack inversion using the exact Zoeppritz equations. We established an objective function to combine PP and PS information based on a least-squares approach, and we used the Taylor expansion method to derive a model updating formula for the inversion. We also used a mean shift method to improve the accuracy of inversion results. We validated our inversion using synthetic and field seismic data. The model for calculating synthetic data contained high-contrast interfaces to match the reservoir layers, which included, for example, coal seams and unconsolidated sandstone. The outputs of the inversion were the elastic parameters (P- and S-wave velocities, as well as density), rather than the changes in elastic parameters. We found that the nonlinear joint prestack inversion achieved more accurate results than the linear joint prestack inversion, regardless of incidence angle size. Furthermore, if the prestack data were of high enough quality, it was possible to identify thin layers from the inversion result.